The sad fact is that diabetes is becoming increasingly common. So common in fact that it's bordering on becoming an epidemic.
Although everyone knows that diabetes has to do with insulin and blood sugar, many people are surprised at how many other parts the body are affected.
They also may be very surprised at all the emphasis their physicians and other healthcare providers place on taking care of their feet. For more information search foot care via familypodiatryofmd.com.
There are two main types of diabetes.
In type I, a person's pancreas can't produce enough insulin to control blood sugars. In type II, at least in the early stages, a person's pancreas can't produce insulin but because of factors such as diet, obesity and being overweight, the insulin becomes less and less effective.
The nerve injury diabetics experience is called diabetic neuropathy. In the earlier stages, it may be painful even as the nerves are failing to do their job of reporting abnormal pressure or other damage to the feet. In the later stages, it most often is just numbness.
The injury also affects the small muscles in the foot that control the alignment of the bones. When these aren't working properly it's very common for the bones to shift out of position causing deformity of the foot.
This deformity makes even more likely that abnormal pressure points and areas of injury will develop.
At the same time damage to the circulation by diabetes compounds the risk for problems.
The mainstay of care, of course, should be the best possible to control blood sugars. This can actually prevent, or at least greatly reduce the risk of any serious problems developing.